McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best known as a Solution One manufacturer and likewise has a history of contending in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis builder, and has won the Canadian-American Difficulty Cup (Can-Am) cars racing champion. The group is the second oldest active, and second most successful Formula One group after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Drivers' Champions and 8 Manufacturers' Championships. The team is an entirely owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the team won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, however their biggest initial success remained in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. Further American accomplishment followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren automobiles for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren died in a testing mishap in 1970, Teddy Mayer took over and led the team to their very first Solution One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren combined with Ron Dennis' Job Four Racing; Dennis took control of as group principal and quickly after arranged a buyout of the initial McLaren investors to take full control of the group. This started the team's most effective age: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, Additional hints and Ayrton Senna took between them 7 Chauffeurs' Championships and the group took six Fabricators' Champions. The mix of Prost and Senna was particularly dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- however later their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English group Williams provided the most constant difficulty throughout this duration, the two winning every contractors' title between 1984 and 1994. Nevertheless, by the mid-1990s, Honda had withdrawn from Solution One, Senna had transferred to Williams, and the team went three seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, more championships can be found in 1998 and 1999 with chauffeur Mika Häkkinen, and during the 2000s the group were consistent front-runners, driver Lewis Hamilton taking their latest title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, handing over to long period of time McLaren employee Martin Whitmarsh. Nevertheless, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season since 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren revealed in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, changing Mercedes-Benz.
The group raced as McLaren Honda for the very first time considering that 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had settled on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will go back to utilize Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season until a minimum of 2024. After initially returning to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren revealed in August 2019 that they would run in combination with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports beginning in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being called Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works chauffeur for the British Formula One group Cooper with whom he had won 3 Grands Prix and come second in the 1960 World Champion. Wanting to complete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his employers, however when team owner Charles Cooper demanded using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors permitted by the Tasman guidelines, Bruce decided to establish his own group to run him and his prospective Formula One colleague Timmy Mayer with custom-made Cooper cars and trucks.